Bee Andrews

  • Associate Professor, History
  • Ph.D. Univ. of Cambridge
  • BSc Edinburgh University

Teaching Interests

China; Japan; History of medicine; Chinese medicine; History of drugs trades; Women's history in Asia; East Asia; North Korea

Research Interests

History of China; History of medicine, especially in E Asia; Modern history of acupuncture Cultural exchange History of trade in drugs and materia medica

Consulting/Practice Interests

Translation, Chinese-English, German-English, specialty in medical / scientific translation. Cultural competency training History for acupuncturists and other CAM practitioners; Medical and pharmaceutical market in China

Bio

BSc (Hons) in Biological Sciences from Edinburgh University (UK); PhD in History from Cambridge University (UK); Fellowships awarded from The Wellcome Trust at SOAS, London; Andrew W. Mellon Foundation at the University of Pennsylvania; Radcliffe Institute at Harvard University; Jeanne and Dan Valente Center at Bentley University.

Professional Memberships

  • American Association for the History of Medicine Present
  • Association for Asian Studies Present
  • International Association for the Study of Traditional Asian Medicine Present
  • International Society for the History of East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine Present
  • Awards and Honors

  • 2020, Radcliffe Institute Summer Fellowship, Harvard University Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study
  • 2019, Associate in Research, Harvard University Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies
  • 2017, "Understanding China" Fellowship, Hanban / National Confucius Institute
  • 2015, Annual Book Prize Shortlist, International Association for Asian Studies
  • 2015, Visiting Professor, History Department, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
  • 2013, The Albert Mann Lecturer in the Humanities, Seattle University
  • 2011, Conference Grant, Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange
  • 2011, Conference Grant, China Medical Board
  • 2006, Bentley College Center for the Arts and Sciences Fellow, 2006-2007
  • 2006, Marion and Jasper Whiting Foundation Fellowship 2006, to support travel to China to conduct research and present at a conference on history of medicine in China.
  • 2002, Harvard Asia Center Grant. $20,000. To support my organization of an international workshop on the history of the modernization of medicine across East Asia.
  • 2002, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. Fellow, 2001-2002
  • 1998, Andrew W. Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship in the Humanities. Held at the University of Pennsylvania, Dept. of History and Sociology of Science
  • 1996, Wellcome Trust Postdoctoral Fellowship, held at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
  • Publications

    Journal Articles


  • Andrews, B. J. (2019). Dictionaries and Science in Republican China. Twentieth Century China, (44) 2 206-222. (Link)
  • Andrews, B. (2017). “海外古典针灸流派述略 Brief survey of some foreign currents of classical acupuncture” with Zhang Shujian 张树剑 (translator). . 中华医史杂志 (Chinese Journal of Medical History), (47) 3 156-159. (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2016). Ding Fubao and the morals of medical modernization. East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine. 42 7-36.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2016). Guest Editor's Introduction. East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine, (Special issues (2) on the history of medicine in China) 41 9-17.
  • Zhang, S., Huang, L., Zhao, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, X., Andrews, B. J. (2016). 对针灸辨证论治的回顾与省思 (A historically-informed discussion of "pattern differentiation for determining treatment" in acupuncture". 中国科技史杂志 (Chinese Journal for the History of Science and Technology), (37) 1 88-95.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2013). “Changes in the Chinese medical body-image”, extended interview (in Japanese translation). “Changes in the Chinese meToyo Igaku Shinkyu Jyanaru (Oriental Medicine: Journal of Acupuncture), (30) 1 51-62.. (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (1997). Tuberculosis and the assimilation of germ theory in China, 1895 - 1937. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, (52) 1 114-157.

    Books


  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). The Making of Modern Chinese Medicine, 1850-1960. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press
  • Andrews, B. J., , . (2014). The Making of Modern Chinese Medicine, 1860-1960. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J., Bullock, M. B. (2014). Medical Transitions in Twentieth Century China. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana University Press (Link)
  • Sutphen, M. P., Andrews, B. J. (2003). Medicine and Identity in the Colonies. 160. London: Routledge (Link)
  • Cunningham, A. R., Andrews, B. J. (1997). Western Medicine as Contested Knowledge. 300. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press

  • Book Chapters


  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). Blood in the history of medicine in China In Howard Chiang, (Eds.) Historical Epistemology in the Making of Modern Chinese Medicine. 113-136. Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • Schwarzkopf, D. L., Andrews, B. J. (2014). Conclusions: Medicine and Modernity In , (Eds.) The Making of Modern Chinese Medicine, 1850-1960. 206 - 217. Vancouver & Toronto: University of British Columbia Press
  • Andrews, B. J. (2013). Chapter 7: Chinese Medicine In Naomi Standen, (Eds.) Demystifying China: New Understandings of Chinese Medicine. 67-78. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). Andreas Cleyer's Examples of Chinese Medicine In Michael Sappol, (Eds.) Hidden Treasure of the National Library of Medicine. 38-39. New York, NY: Blast Books (Link) Forthcoming.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). Anatomical Charts of Channel Acupoints for the New Acupuncture In Michael Sappol, (Eds.) Hidden Treasure. 40-41. New York, NY: Blast Books (Link) Forthcoming.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). The Myth of Traditional Chinese Medicine In Naomi Standen, (Eds.) Chinese History for Today: Key Themes. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Forthcoming.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). Chapter Seven: The Republic of China (1912-1948) In TJ Hinrichs and Linda Barnes, (Eds.) Chinese Medicine and Healing: An Illustrated History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press Forthcoming.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2011). From case records to case histories: The modernization of a Chinese medical genre, 1912-1949 In Hsu, Elisabeth, (Eds.) Innovation in Chinese Medicine. second printing 324-336. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2011). In Republican China, Public Health by Whom, for Whom? In K.C. Yip, L. Bu, and D. Stapleton, (Eds.) Science, Public Health and the State in Modern Asia. 177-194. New York, NY: Routledge
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). The difficult lives of the first generation of modern Chinese doctors (in Korean translation) In Lee Heung-Ki; Seoul National University Hospital, (Eds.) Histories of East Asian doctors of the last century (in Korean). 230-277. Seoul: Thaehaksa
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). Blood in Chinese medical history (in Chinese translation) In Yu, Xinzhong, (Eds.) ., Disease, Medicine and Hygiene since the Qing Dynasty (in Chinese). 159-188. Beijing: Sanlian
  • Andrews, B. J. (2008). Women in East Asia In Stearns, Peter N, (Eds.) The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World. 18-21. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2008). The Chinese Government Role in the Introduction of Western Medicine (in Korean translation) In Seoul National University, (Eds.) . 230-290. Seoul, S. Korea: Thaehaksa
  • Andrews, B. J. (2008). Gender in East Asia In Stearns, Peter N, (Eds.) The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World. 429-430. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2007). "Ding Fubao"; "Y.C. Jimmy Yen" In Bynum, H, Bynum, W, (Eds.) The Dictionary of Medical Biography. 416-417; 1334-1335. London: Greenwood Press (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2001). From bedpan to revolution: Qiu Jin and western nursing in China In Hardy, Anne; Conrad, Lawrence, (Eds.) Women and Modern Medicine. 53-71. Amsterdam and London: Rodopi (Link)

  • Book Reviews


  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). [Review of the book Reproducing Women ]. The Times Literary Supplement. London:
  • Andrews, B. J. (2011). [Review of the book A Cultural History of Modern Science in China. ]. Journal of Asian Studies, (70)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2010). [Review of the book A Dictionary of the Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen ]. Journal of Chinese Philosophy, (37) 2
  • Andrews, B. J. (2010). [Review of the book Leprosy in China: A Cultural History ]. China Quarterly, (203)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2010). [Review of the book The Afterlife of Images ]. Social History. 3
  • Andrews, B. J. (2010). [Review of the book The Journal and Official Correspondence of Bernard Jean Bettelheim 1845-54. ]. Medical History. 3
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). [Review of the book Review of Ho Peng Yoke, Explorations in Daoism, Medicine and Alchemy in Literature ]. Isis, (100) 1
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). [Review of the book Review of Zhongguo jin dai ji bing she hui shi (A Social History of Diseases in Modern China) (1912-1937) ]. ISIS, (100) 1
  • Andrews, B. J. (2008). [Review of the book Review of Transforming Emotions with Chinese Medicine: An Ethnographic Account from Contemporary China by Yanhua Zhang ]. The China Quarterly, (193) - (Link)
  • Andrews, B. J. (2006). [Review of the book Review of Acupuncture Medicine: Its Historical and Clinical Background. ]. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, (80) 3
  • Andrews, B. J. (2005). [Review of the book Review of A Chinese Physician: Wang Ji and the Stone Mountain Medical Case Histories. ]. China Review International , (12) 2
  • Andrews, B. J. (2003). [Review of the book Review of Sex, Law, and Society in Late Imperial China. ]. ISIS. 2
  • Andrews, B. J. (2003). [Review of the book The Ancients' View of Science ]. Science, (301)
  • Andrews, B. J. (1997). [Review of the book Another kind of miracle (review of four recent books in Chinese history of science, religion and medicine) ]. The Times Literary Supplement.
  • Andrews, B. J. (). [Review of the book Review of _China and the Cholera Pandemic_ ]. China Quarterly. Forthcoming.

  • Conference Papers


  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). History of the Chinese Medical AssociationChina Medical Board and Peking University of Health Sciences, Health and Healing in 20th-century China.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). "Serving the profession? The changing constituencies of the Chinese Medical Association, 1915-2012", Harvard University Center for History and Economics, Seminar in History and Economics.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). "Science, dialectical materialism and the Chinese-medical body in the 20th century"Japanese Society for Health and Human Ecology, Annual Meeting.
  • Andrews, B. J. (2011). History of the Chinese Medical AssociationChina Medical Board and Bentley University, Health and Medicine in Twentieth-century China.

  • Other(s)


  • Unschuld, P. U., Andrews, B. J. (2017). Traditional Chinese Medicine: Heritage and AdaptationColumbia University Press. (Link)
  • Presentations

  • Andrews, B. J. (2020). “Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Health Care System of the United States” Presented at the Chinese Heritage Centre, Centre for Chinese Language and Culture and the Chinese Programme, Nanyang Technological University Modern Overseas Chinese, Medicine, Health and Disease Singapore via Zoom
  • Andrews, B. J., Choi, S., Eijmberts, J. P., Ledley, F. D., Cleary, E., Thomas, S., Schwarzkopf, D. L., Stuckey, J. K., Davi, W., DeLeo, R., Moriarty, J., Gainsborough, J. F., Gentry, W., , C. R. (2020). “How Taxes Shape Lives” Presented at the Jeanne and Dan Valente Center for the Arts and Sciences Convener, Bentley Humanities Seminar Bentley University
  • Andrews, B. J. (2018). “From Science to Scientism” Presented at theEuropean Association for Chinese Studies Biennial Conference Glasgow
  • Andrews, B. J. (2018). “Common knowledge about Acupuncture and the Body as Expressed in the Prefaces to Hua Shou 滑壽, Elaboration of the Fourteen Channels (Shishi jing fahui 十四經發揮, 1341)” Presented at the Cornell University Chinese Medicine and Healing: Translating Practice Ithaca, NY
  • Andrews, B. J. (2018). “The regulation of Chinese herbal formulas on the global stage” Presented at the Fudan University 医学与国际关系 (Medicine and International Relations) Shanghai, China
  • Andrews, B. J. (2018). “Reassessing the history of western medicine in China from the example of Renji Hospital, Shanghai” Presented at the Shanghai Jiaotong University Renji Hospital Second Conference on Hospital History Shanghai, China
  • Andrews, B. J. (2018). “The modern history of Chinese and Japanese medicine” Presented at the American Association of Medical Acupuncturists American Association of Medical Acupuncturists Annual Conference Kansas City, MO
  • Andrews, B. J. (2018). “(Re)claiming the Womb: Abortion, Reproductive Hygiene, and the Fickle State in Twentieth-Century China” Presented at the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting Washington, DC
  • Andrews, B. J. (2017). “"The historiography of acupuncture"” Presented at the Needham Research Institute Needham Institute Works-in-Progress Cambridge, England
  • Andrews, B. J. (2017). “Is Acupuncture a fraud? Reflections on science, culture, and identity.” Presented at the University of Liverpool History Dept / Liverpool Confucius Instititute Liverpool University History Seminar Liverpool University
  • Andrews, B. J. (2017). “Evidence and Authority in the Marketing and Use of a Chinese Herb: Danggui (Radix Angelicae sinensis).” Presented at the University of Kiel; IASTAM 9th International Conference on Traditional Asian Medicines Kiel, Germany
  • Andrews, B. J. (2017). “Drug substitutions in Chinese medicine” Presented at the University of Toronto Pharmaceuticals in China and East Asia Toronto, Canada
  • Andrews, B. J. (2017). ““Western Understandings of Dang Gui: Identification, Extraction, and Regulation”” Presented at the Buffett Foundation; Northwestern University Medical Cultures, Traditions, and Law Evanston, IL
  • Andrews, B. J. (2017). “Ding Fubao and the morals of medical modernization” Presented at the Fudan University History Department, Chinese Confucian Institutes “Geography and Medicine in Modern History: Exploring Connections between Environment, Culture, and Disease”. Shanghai, PR China
  • Andrews, B. J. (2016). “Acupuncture: An Essential Tool for Investigating Pain” Presented at the Fudan University Global Perspectives: Dialogues between West and East on the History of Medicine Shanghai, China
  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). “What western missionary doctors learned in China: Similarities in Chinese and western drug use in the 19th and early 20th centuries.” Presented at the Peking University 跨文化语境中的近现代药物学传播 (Dissermination of drugs and pharmacy in cross-cultural context) Beijing, PRC
  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). “Making Chinese Medicine Scientific” Presented at the Fudan University Guest lecture Shanghai, PR China
  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). “Introduction and Conclusion and Chair” Presented at the Bentley University (TLN) Promoting Undergraduate-Faculty Research Collaborations Bentley
  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). “The Acupuncture Wars” Presented at the Fudan University History Department Guest lecture Shanghai, PR China
  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). “What is the NRI's Mission? Some Ideas for Discussion” Presented at the Needham Research Institute for East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine Dr. Joseph Needham's Intellectual Heritage Cambridge, UK
  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). “The meanings of "Chinese" medicine: Nationalism and internationalism in the history of acupuncture” Presented at the International Society for the History of East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine 14th International Congress of the History of East Asian Science Paris, France
  • Andrews, B. J. (2015). “Commentary on the medical content” Presented at the SCK editorial board and Needham Research Institute Science and Civilization in Korea Cambridge, UK
  • Andrews, B. J. (2014). “What is Chinese in Chinese Medicine?” Presented at the Seattle Art Museum New Worlds of Science: The Heritage of East Asia Seattle, WA
  • Andrews, B. J. (2014). “China's international relations seen through the modern history of acupuncture” Presented at the University of Washington East Asian Studies Seminar Seattle
  • Andrews, B. J. (2014). “Conference commentator” Presented at the Brown University Globalizing Chinese Medicine in the 17th Century Providence, RI
  • Andrews, B. J. (2014). “Supplies and Substitutions in 19th Century Chinese and Western Drug Use” Presented at the Association for Asian Studies Annual conference Philadelphia, PA
  • Andrews, B. J. (2013). “Medicine and Self-Fashioning in Modern China” Presented at the Association for Asian Studies Association for Asian Studies Annual Conference San Diego, CA
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). “History of the Chinese Medical Association” Presented at the China Medical Board and Peking University of Health Sciences Health and Healing in 20th-century China Beijing, China
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). “Birth Control Before the One-Child Policy” Presented at the Cambridge University Reproducing China Cambridge, UK
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). “Medieval Acumoxa along the Silk Road” Presented at the NEH NEH Summer Seminar in Medieval Medicine Wellcome Institute, London
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). “Understanding and Describing Classical Medical Texts” Presented at the Bentley University / Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation Understanding Chinese Medicine Bentley
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). “"Serving the profession? The changing constituencies of the Chinese Medical Association, 1915-2012", ” Presented at the Harvard University Center for History and Economics Seminar in History and Economics Harvard University
  • Andrews, B. J. (2012). “"Science, dialectical materialism and the Chinese-medical body in the 20th century"” Presented at the Japanese Society for Health and Human Ecology Annual Meeting Tokyo University, Japan
  • Andrews, B. J. (2011). “History of the Chinese Medical Association” Presented at the China Medical Board and Bentley University Health and Medicine in Twentieth-century China Dedham, MA
  • Andrews, B. J. (2011). “Systems, ecologies, communities and regimens” Presented at the University of Westminster/ICTAM/Wellcome Trust Systems Biology and Chinese Medicine London, UK
  • Andrews, B. J. (2011). “Commentator for Session 172: Towards a Transnational History of East Asian Medicine: Tracing Pathologies of the Liver across East Asia ” Presented at theAssociation for Asian Studies Annual Meeting Honolulu, Hawai'i
  • Andrews, B. J. (2010). “Blood in Late Imperial Chinese Medicine” Presented at the University of Michigan Chinese Studies Seminar Ann Arbor, MI
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). “Training doctors versus building a medical profession: illustrations of the difference from modern China” Presented at theIntellectuals, Professions, and Knowledge Production in Twentieth-Century China University of California, Berkeley, CA
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). “Is that a fact? An historian's reflections on the relationship between truth and facts”
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). “Culture, Ethnicity, and Medical Missionary Work: The Career of Wong Fun (Huang Kuan), 1829-1878” Presented at theNew England Historical Association Annual Conference University of Southern Maine, Portland
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). “Public Health in Republican China” Presented at thePublic Health in East Asia Rockefeller Archive Center, Tarrytown, NY
  • Andrews, B. J. (2009). “Becoming "scientific" in Chinese medicine” Presented at theXXIII International Congress of the History of Science and Technology Budapest, Hungary
  • Andrews, B. J. (2008). “Medical Reforms in Japan and Their Influence in China, 1868-1937” Presented at the12th International Congress on the History of East Asian Science, Technology, and Medicine Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
  • Service

    Department Service


  • Mentor (Student) for History Department Internships Coordinator 2018 - Present
  • Mentor (Student) for Academic Programs Fair - 2020
  • Department Chair for History department 2017 - 2020
  • Departmental representative for Accepted Student Day - 2020
  • Mentor (Student) for History Department Minors Advisor 2008 - 2015
  • Committee Chair for Chair renewal/search committee 2014 - 2014
  • Committee Chair for Dept. tenure evalution committee 2013 - 2013
  • Committee Member for Search Committee 2013 - 2013
  • University Service


  • Committee Member for University Senate 2022 - Present
  • Committee Member for Bentley Ethics Committee 2009 - Present
  • Committee Member for University Senate 2021 - 2021
  • Committee Member for Advisory Board, Jeanne and Dan Valente Center for the Arts and Sciences 2017 - 2020
  • Department Chair for History Department 2017 - 2020
  • Committee Member for Learning and Teaching Council 2018 - 2020
  • Advisor for prospective Bentley Students and their families for Bentley Admissions Office 2020 - 2020
  • Evaluated teaching of tenure-track assistant professor for Philosophy Department 2020 - 2020
  • Program Organizer for 2020 Holocaust Memorial Event 2020 - 2020
  • Committee Member for Promotion and Tenure Committee 2017 - 2019
  • Organizer of this Business/A&S "fusion" initiative for Bentley Business Boot Camp 2017 - 2018
  • Class Evaluator for Chinese Language Instructor for Modern Languages Dept - 2017
  • Committee Member for Advisory Board, Jeanne and Dan Valente Center for the Arts and Sciences 2015 - 2016
  • Committee Member for Curriculum Policy Committee 2015 - 2016
  • University Senate for Senator 2015 - 2016
  • Conference/Workshop Organizer for Bentley Undergraduate Research Conference - 2016
  • Guest Speaker for Expository Writing 201 - 2016
  • Committee Member for Advisory Board, Jeanne and Dan Valente Center for the Arts and Sciences 2008 - 2013
  • Faculty contact for State Street China for State Street Bank (Hangzhou, China) 2006 - 2011
  • Committee Member for Faculty Affairs Committee 2005 - 2008
  • Professional Service


  • Editorial Review Board Member for Chinese Medicine and Culture (journal) 2019 - Present
  • Editorial Review Board Member for East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine 2005 - Present
  • Reviewer, Book for Berghahn Books - 2020
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for Bulletin of the History of Medicine 2020 - 2020
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for Journal of the Southern Association for the History of Medicine and Science 2020 - 2020
  • Reviewer, Grant Proposal for NIH/NLM G13 Grants - 2020
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for Modern China (journal) 2018 - 2019
  • Reviewer, Book for Duke University Press 2016 - 2019
  • Reviewer, Grant Proposal for Consortium for the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine 2019 - 2019
  • Reviewer, Ad Hoc Reviewer for Nanyang Technological University 2018 - 2019
  • Reviewer, Ad Hoc Reviewer for University of Denver 2018 - 2018
  • External examiner of PhD dissertation of Pascale Schmied for University of Lausanne Faculty of Biology and Medicine 2018 - 2018
  • Conference/Workshop Organizer for Chinese Medicine and Healing: Translating Practice 2017 - 2018
  • Reviewer, Book for Asian Medicine (journal) 2016 - 2016
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for Asian Medicine (journal) - 2016
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for Modern China (journal) - 2016
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for Social History of Medicine - 2016
  • Reviewer, Book for Stanford University Press - 2016
  • Conference/Workshop Session Chair for American Association for the History of Medicine - 2016
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for Asian Medicine (Journal) - 2015
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for East Asian Science, Technology and Society - 2015
  • Reviewer, Journal Article for British Medical Journal - 2015
  • Reviewer, Book for University of Rochester Press - 2015
  • Conference/Workshop Session Chair for American Association for the History of Medicine - 2015